The Effectiveness of The United Nations in Protecting Human Rights
The United Nations was created after World War II in alliance of fifty-one nations to help prevent future wars similar to the massive one that just occured. It was also formed to maintain peace and stability between the world’s states, and build relations to further aid any issues within a nation. The UN has been successful in preventing future major war outbreaks, as well as stationed UN forces in each corner of the world. Although, it also hasn’t been so fortunate, leading in tragic calamities.
The United Nations has some structural issues that almost prohibits it from solving world problems. “Political loopholes” if you will. One example, that is stated in an article written by Andrew Fitzgerald, on a website titled Listverse, is a problem that couldn’t be solved by the UN was the aftermath of The Cold War. The USSR totally ignored the Universal Declaration of Human Rights that was officialized by the UN, The declaration passed as a genocide prevention reassurement as well as a provided basic human rights. Although with the rule of Stalin, these laws were suppressed. And with all the force of a superpower state like the Soviet Union, it was difficult for the UN to act on such unlawful ways, making the UN to be useless in that situation (Fitzgerald, paragraph 17). Another example of the UN’s failure to act towards terror attacks is the Rwandan Genocide. In fact, the Rwandan Genocide was treated almost like it wasn’t a real issue at all. This murder rampage had so little attention paid to it, that it flourished longer than it should have, costing the lives of thousands of innocent Rwandan civilians.
Much more could’ve been done to stop the mass murder in its tracks. Unfortunately, this was not the case. Rwanda had nothing to offer the United States or many other nations, so they couldn’t be bothered by risking their men on a humanitarian mission. The good word of the UN was at risk of being tainted, so ignoring what was taking place in Rwanda was the only solution it seemed there was. One of the reasons why genocide is still committed in the world today, according to Dr. George H. Stanton, President of the Genocide Watch, is because “The world’s leaders do not have the political will to stop it.” (Stanton, paragraph 4)
There are as many supporters of the idea of The United Nations as there are opposers. As well as mixed reviews that are carried out by the performance of the UN. And even though some may argue that the UN is just a waste of time and money, others argue that it is at least beneficial to have an organization, dedicated to protecting those who need it. We can all agree, however, that with a few changes, the UN can become more powerful, and save more people in the future, than had been in the past.
Fitzgerald, Andrew. “Top 10 Failures of the United Nations.” Listverse, 28 January 2013, https://listverse.com/2013/01/28/top-10-failures-of-the-united-nations-2/
“Preventing Genocides: Never Again!” United To End Genocide, 2016, endgenocide.org/learn/preventing-future-genocides/
“Rwandan Genocide Could Have Been Stopped (Comprehensive Study Points Finger at U.S., U.N., France, Belgium Show More Services).” Human Rights Watch, 31 March 1999, https://www.hrw.org/news/1999/03/31/rwandan-genocide-could-have-been-stopped
Stanton, George H. “How We Can Prevent Genocide: Building an International Campaign to End Genocide.” Genocide Watch (The International Alliance to End Genocide), 2000, www.genocidewatch.org/howpreventgenocideic.html